Screening of Plagiarism

Plagiarism is committed when one author uses another work (typically the work of another author) without permission, credit, or acknowledgment. Plagiarism takes different forms, from literal copying to paraphrasing the work of another. 

  • Literal copying is reproducing a work word for word, in whole or in part, without permission and acknowledgment of the original source. Literal copying is obvious plagiarism and is easy to detect by comparing the papers in question.
  • Substantial copying is reproducing a substantial part of a work, without permission and acknowledgment of the original source. In determining what is “substantial,” both the quantity and the quality of the copied content are relevant. Quality refers to the relative value of the copied text in proportion to the work as a whole. Where the essence of a work has been reproduced, even if only a small part of the original work, plagiarism may have occurred.
  • Paraphrasing; copying may take place without reproducing the exact words used in the original work, i.e. without literal or substantial copying. This type of copying is known as paraphrasing, and it can be the most difficult type of plagiarism to detect.


Ilmanaf will immediately investigate and reject papers leading to plagiarism or self-plagiarism. Ilmanaf's investigation on suspected plagiarism will be based on COPE's guidance:

  • Suspected plagiarism in a submitted manuscript here

  • Suspected plagiarism in a published article here

Plagiarism screening will be conducted by Ilmanaf Editorial Board using Turnitin. Ilmanaf Editorial Board will ensure that every published article will not exceed 25% similarity Score.